TABOR - Tradition and Contemporaneity in the Romanian Orthodox Church
< Back Links
The past and its solutions against fear: the Romanian-Russian relations in history and actuality (III): the dilemma of affiliation and the Byzantine succession
The political and spiritual competition that transformed Central Eastern Europe into the predominant territory of the crusade and the internal developments that generated the emergence of some regional power centers sufficiently stable to make new states arise, placed the Romanians now identifyed as a stable presence in the chronicles of those times, and the residents of the knezates that were successors of Kievan Russia, at the origins of a number of initiatives likely to ensure their survival in relation to the neighboring apostolic kingdoms, with the descendants of the Golden Horde, and the revival of Islamic expansion, with the Ottoman Turks descending in the southeast. The new regional experiences generated by the translation of Western dynasties to the rule of the Hungarian and Bohemian Kingdoms, and the restoration of the unity of Poland, made the Romanians from Transylvania and the Ruthenians from the West and South-West Russian knezates subjects of sovereigns who professed a different faith, generating loyalty crises among their elites. The consolidation of the Romanian states and of the Grand Knezat of Moscow has preceded an identity and political experiment that historians have not fully deciphered, oscillating between the well-known Byzantium after Byzantium and an evolution comparable to that of the nation-states in Europe.